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City Guide -- Kashgar

Travel Guide of Kashgar in Xinjiang


Kashgar is in Xinjiang Uighur autonomous region. Being a 2000 year old Middle Eastern town, Kashgar was once a last stop outfitting station and trading post for travelers and merchants plying the ancient Silk Road linking China, India, Pakistan and the Great Roman Empire, for which it’s praised as “Pearl on the Silk Road”.

Kashgar boasts numerous historical heritages. Many Islamic and Buddhist tombs represent its glorious past, such as Abakh Hoja Tomb which enjoys world fame.

Kashgar is also rich in fruits that are unique in the region, such as melons, watermelons, grapes, pomegranates and figs which are of high quality.

Today, Kashgar is an out of the way place but in ancient times it was a strategically important crossroads where the northern and southern routes of the silk road going around the Taklamakan desert to the east, met with the northern and southern routes towards the west ( north through the Torugart pass to the Fergana valley and south through the Kunjerab pass to Gilgit). The Han Chinese arrived here in the 2nd century BC and successively held and lost Kashgar over and over again until now.
In the late 17th century, the mongol Djungar khans, who were allied to the Tibetans and had adopted Lamaism, conquered Kashgaria, Turfan and Hami previously held by the Muslim Khodja and attempted to unify the Mongols against manchu China. Their cavalry could not overcome the modern manchu cannons and was decimated. The manchu annexed their territories including of course Kashgar in 1759.
Kashgar is 141,600 square kilometers in total area and between latitude 35 20 to 40 18 north and longitude 73 20 to 79 57 east in the southern part of Xinjiang, is contiguous with the Taklimakan Desert on its east and borders Kyrgyzstan,Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India to its west and southwest respectively. The city of Kashgar, a place of strategic importance in south Xinjiang, has an area of fifteen square kilometers with an average elevation of 1289.5 meters. The city is located between latitude 39 25 to 39 35 north and longitude 75 56 to 76 04 east and lies 1,473 kilometers from Urumchi,capital city of of Xinjianng Uihgur Autonomous Region.
Kashi Prefecture has a population of 3.3 million, of which the Uygur nationality comprises 92.92 percent, the Han, 5.6 percent and the Tajik, 1.03 percent, with the other 0.45 percent made up of Hui, Kirgiz, Ozbek, Kazak, Manchu, Xibe, Mongol, Tatar and Daur nationalities.
The city of Kashar has a population of 200,000, 74.62 percent of which is Uyghur and 24.32 percent of which is Han Chinese and other minorities.

Location: E 76° N 39°31′

Population: 3.763m

Area: 111794.03 Sqk

Average altitude: 2090m (6857 ft)

IDD: 86 - 0998

Average temperature: 11.7℃ (53 ℉). 

Average annual rainfall: 30-60mm

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