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City Guide -- Datong

 Travel Guide of Datong in Shanxi Provice


Datong was first founded more than 2000 years ago as a military stronghold to defend the nomads from Mongolia. Having served as capital of Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534), Liao (916-1125) and Jin (1115-1234), it was considered the second political and trading center in the country during those periods.

Buddhism flourished here, the Toba who set up Northern Wei Dynasty was a fanatic Buddhist who patronized the marvelous Yungang Buddhist Grottoes. Buddhism continued to develop in Liao Dynasty and Jin Dynasty. The Huayan Monastery, the Shanhua Temple and Hengshan Mountain’s Hanging Monastery were established and improved during this era.

Datong was called by locals as coal capital, because its coal is everywhere in China.

Location: E113°16′ N 40°05′

Population: 3.14m

Area: 14176 Sqk

Average altitude: 1572m (5157 ft)

IDD: 86 - 035

Average temperature: 7.8℃ (46 ℉) 

Average annual rainfall: 56.1mm

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