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City Guide -- Urumqi

 Travel Guide of Urumqi in Xinjiang Province



Urumqi, the capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, located in the middle-northern Tian Shan Mountain range on the southern edge of the Zhunger Basin. Covering an area of 12, 000 sq km (about 2,965,262 acres), Urumqi is the home of Uigur, Han, Hui, Manchu, Kazakstan, Russian, Tatar, Mongolian and many other nationalities. Once a stationing for troops in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it became a city during the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Since 1884, Urumqi has been the capital of Xinjiang Province. Now, Urumqi is the commercial, political and cultural center of Xinjiang.

For over two thousand years, the area around Urumqi has been lush pasture populated by many minorities who herded sheep and cattle; Urumqi actually means "beautiful pasture" in Mongolian.

Location: E 87°36′ N 43°48′

Population: 2.35m

Area: 10900.77 Sqk

Average altitude: 800m (3936 ft)

IDD: 86 – 0991

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Average temperature: 25.7℃ (78.2℉)

Average annual rainfall: 194mm

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