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City Guide -- Ruijin

Travel Guide of Ruijin
Ruijin is a county-level city of Ganzhou in the mountains bordering Fujian Province in south-eastern Jiangxi Province.
The name Ruijin derives from local gulch-gold in old days. It is most famous as one of the earliest centers of Chinese communist activity. After being forced out of Mt. Jinggang in the late 1920s by the Guomindang, the Communists withdrew here, taking advantage of Ruijin's relative isolation in the rugged mountains along Jiangxi's border with Fujian. In 1931, under Mao Zedong's leadership, the Chinese Soviet Republic was established here. It was called Rui Capital for some time. Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Zhude lived here so that left quite some resident sites. By 1934, they had again been surrounded by Chiang Kai-shek's forces. It is from here that the famed "Long March" began.
Ruijin is a popular tourist destination for both its natural scenery and its "Red" heritage. It is a pilgrimage for surviving Maoists from China and around the globe.
Ruijin is the habitation of Hakka people, whose typical round houses can be seen here and there.
Shazhouba, 3km west of Ruijin, is the location of Military Commission of Chinese Soviet Republic in 1930s before the Long March started. There are many old residence sites left from that time. Shazhouba was quite dry, irrigation water was unavailable, and drinking water was difficult to be found as well. Mao Zedong and his soldiers dug a well, called Red Well later, is still preserved today.
Yeping, 6km northeast of Ruijin, is the location of Chinese Soviet Republic government, and the site where the first congress of Chinese Soviet Republic opened.
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