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City Guide -- Shangluo

Travel Guide of Shangluo

General Features
Jinsixian Valley of <a href=Shangluo" align=right src="/newsimages/201273015154691.jpg">Shangluo, consisting of seven counties (Shangzhou, Luonan, Danfeng, Shangnan, Shanyang, Zhenan, Zhashui) is an old city with a population of 2,400,000 people. It covers an area of 1.93 square kilometers which is rich in beautiful mountains and unique interests.  Shangluo, the manor of Shangyang, the reformer of the Qin in Warring States period (475BC-221BC), was the threshold of capital Chang'an (ancient capital of China in many dynasties, including the Han, Sui and Tang Dynasties located in today’s Xi'an City), and was the thoroughfare from northwest to southeast.

Shangluo was the place of military importance. In ancient China, many armed uprising peasant forces once fought in Shangluo, such as those led by Liubang [259-195BC, the first emperor of Han Dynasty (206BC-220AD), Huangchao [the peasant rebellion at the end of Tang Dynasty (618-907)], Li Zicheng [who led the peasant rebellion at the end of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)]. In revolutionary war periods (1930s and the 1940s), Shangluo was once the center region of Henan, Shaanxi and Hubei revolutionary base areas (led and established by the Chinese Communist Party, CCP for short). The leaders of CCP, such as Li Xiannian (1909-1992), Xu Xiangqian (1901-90), He Long (1896-1969), Cheng Zihua (1905-91), and other leading comrades once fought a bloody battle here successively.

Geographic Location
Located in the southeast of Shaanxi Province, Shangluo lies in the south ranges of Qinling Mountain (the dividing line between north China and south China) and is neighbor to Hubei and Henan provinces.

Culture Heritage.
As early as the Paleolithic Age, human beings started to live in this area. The name of Shangluo came into being in the Warring States Period (476 BC-227 BC). It once was divided into two parts which belonged to different states in the history. In 1949, it was liberated and was then divided into two parts: a county-level city Shangzhou and Shangluo Area. In 2002, the two were combined into a prefecture-level city Shangluo.

Climatic Features
 The north of Shangluo belongs to warm temperature zone while the south enjoys the subtropical climate. Four seasons are distinctive with dry and cold spring and wet and hot summer. The annual average temperature is from 7.8C (46F) to 13.9C (57F) at lowest and 37C (99F) to 40.8C (105F) at highest.

Physical Features
Shangluo has quite complicate physical features. Six mountains form various valleys where two rivers the Yangtze and the Yellow River cross. The mountain area extends from high northwest to low southeast like a huge palm.

Local Products
Handicrafts: decorated chopsticks made of holly wood and the friuts of  walnut, chestnut and persimmon.

There are more than 1,000 cultural relics and ancient sites such as Luonan Pithecanthropus Site, San Qin Wuguan Fort, Sihao Tomb (beginning of Han Dynasty), Danfeng Boat (underworld gang), and Li Zicheng Stockade Village. There are also 1,000 more ancient buildings. Zhashui water limestone cave is praised as "northland marvelous spectacle ". The Danjiang River drift is highly praised by visitors at home and abroad. Within the Zhashui territory, Niubeiliang National Nature Preserve is the famous scenic spot and health and summer resort. Beside, there are also other key interests such as Double Tower, Shuxi Building, Fengyang Pagoda, Shiwongzi Limestone Cave Groups, Huamiao Temple and Yungai Temple.

Shangluo is one of the most important wood production bases in Shaanxi. It is also called 'Natural Herb Storehouse' due to the thousands of herb varieties in the forests and mountains. Scenic beauty is most attractive to visitors. Danjiang River Cruise is called 'No.1 Cruise of Northwest China' while Zhashui Cave is honored as 'Wonder of North China'. The traditional culture is primitive and profound, such as Snatch Lantern, Sacrifice to King of Tree, Sisters' Song and other interesting marriage customs and various local operas. In addition, Shangluo was once an important revolutionary base of Chinese community in the early 1990s.

Famous Tourist Spots:
Danjiang River: Being the longest branch of Hanjiang River (one of the branches of the Yangtze River), Danjiang has been important water transportation since the Spring and Autumn Period (770BC-470 BC). Danjiang Cruise is the first cruise in northwest China and is famous for its excitement, beautiful scenery and long history.

Zhashui Cave: Located in Shiwong Town in Zhashui County, Zhashui Cave is well renowned for it unpolluted environment and omniform karst caves.

Niubeiliang National Nature Reserve: Located north to Zhashui County, it is on the highest peak of Shangluo. The mountain forms a shape looking like the back of huge ox, hence its name Niubeiliang (Back of Ox Mountain). It is home to more than 20 kinds of rare animals and precious herbs.

Jinsixia National Forest Park: Located in Shangnan County, the valley lies like a torch encircled in mountains. It is famous for large quantity of rivers, verdant forests and primitive environment.

Other Spots: Xian'e Lake, Laojun Mountain, Elang Temple, Sihao (four famous literates in the Tang Dynasty (618-907)) Ancient Tombs, Danfeng Huamiao (an ancient palace in Danfeng County)

Best time to visit Shangluo is either spring or autumn that is March to May or September to October.

Any question or suggestion, please e-mail us

西安国旅官网, Xian CITS, China Tour Operation, China Travel Guide.


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