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City Guide -- Xianyang

Travel Guide of Xianyang

 

General Features
With a surprisingly large scale, full-fledged infrastructure, and majestic palaces, Xianyang, the capital of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.), was considered a miracle in ancient Chinese architecture. It witnessed not only the unparalleled prosperity and mightiness of the Qin Empire, but also its sudden collapse after a 15-year history.

Located in the central Guanzhong Plain of Shaanxi Province, Xianyang was the capital of the State of Qin in the Warring States Period (475-221 B.C.) and the Qin Dynasty, and remained as the political, economic, and cultural center of feudal Chinese society for a considerably long period.


Geographic Location
Located in the central part of Shaanxi Province, Xianyang is about 30 kilometers (19 miles) northwest of Xian with the Weihe River through the town to the south.

Xianyang is located in the center of Shaanxi Province and lies at latitude 34°11′to 35°32′by longitude107°98′to109°10′, The geodetic origin of ,the P.R.China is located in Xianyang area.


Climate
Xianyang has a warm temperate continental monsoon climate which features a chilly winter and torrid summer. Overcast and rainy days are most frequent in summer and autumn. Extreme heat may sear the city in summer causing high temperature in excess of 40℃ (104℉).
 
The city has a temperate continental monsoon climate, with an yearly average temperature of 13.0℃. Its non-frost period is 218 days, and interval between the first and last snowfall is 111 days. Maximum depth of accumulated snow was 15cm in March 2, 1992 and maximum depth of frozen soil was 30cm in January, 1977. throughout the year, there is an average of 285 days of a temperature of 0℃ and above, 240 days of 5℃ and above, 192 days of 10℃ and above, 90 days of 20℃ and above, and 20 days of 35℃ and above. mean annual precipitation is 530.8mm, with the highest rainfall at 847.3mm in 1983 and the lowest at 255.2mm in 1977. Mean annual wind force is 2 to 3 on the Beaufort scale and mean wind speed is 3m/s.


Culture Heritage
Xianyang is located in the hinterland of Guanzhong Plain. Local folklore tourism is developing rapidly. The folk arts such as theater images and shadow shows, paper cuttings, and drum shows, the Qin and Han singing and dancing around the counties of Liquan, Qindu, Weicheng, Xingping and Xunyi are very popular.

Xianyang is very rich in traditional Chinese medical culture. The well-known Shaanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Shaanxi Research institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine are both in Xianyang.


Natural Resources
Communications resources: the city has an obvious geological advantage and sophisticated transportation network, with three railway lines including Longhai, Xiantong and  Xianhan railways, four highways namely Xibao, Airport, Yinwu and Xitong, 12 State and Province roads including 312、210、211、104、105、106、107、208、209、213、305、306, and Xianyang air harbor that connects over 90 cities and 12 countries and  regions.

Downtown Xianyang is only 12 km away from Xi'an Xianyang International Airport and 10 km from the boundary of Xi’an- the capital city of Shaanxi Province. As an important hub of domestic flights and an airport for regular international flights, Xi’an Xianyang International Airport is one of China’s top 10 airports, and the largest, busiest and best-equipped in northwestern China. It has established flight relationship with 25 airlines from home and abroad and opens more than 90 flights to over 90 cities and 12 countries and regions. It receives 12 million passengers and had a cargo handling ability of 200,000 tons. With an investment of about 10 billion Yuan, Phase 2 of the airport project is under construction now and will, after completion, have a passenger flow volume of over 26 million person times and a cargo handling capacity of 400,000 tons. The airport has become a logistic centre and a sea and railway transportation hub of north China.


Energy resources: Xianyang has a sufficient supply of energies such as electrical power, water and gas. It has 17 hydropower and cool burning power stations, with total installed capacity standing at 14 million TWh.  Wei River Power Station, the largest in northwestern China, can meet the need of enterprises for power at any time without a single case of blackout. There are a total of 72 big, medium and small reservoirs, and 1 billion tons of composite underground water supplies. Urban city has a water supply capacity of 400,000 ton/day(not including individual wells of industrial and mining enterprises).

Over 20 kinds of mineral resources have been detected, including mainly Coal, limestone, geothermy, pottery clay, iron ore, marble, bituminous rock and petroleum.

1)coal: Xianyang has a coal reserve of over 11 billion tons, the second largest among all cities in Shaaxi. The fossil fuel is mainly distributed in north Binxian County, Changwu, Xunyi, Zhunhua and Yongshou counties. In 2007, the coal production was 17.44 million tons.

2)limestone: Reserve of limestone is 44 billion tons, the largest among all cities in Shaanxi.  Limestone is mainly distributed in Jingayang, Zhunhua, Qianxian, Liquan and SanYuan counties. Now there are 10 enterprises exploiting limestone, with a total production capacity of 2.5 million tons per year, while the annual demand for this resource is 5 million tons.

3)pottery clay: a reserve of 840 million tons of pottery clay has already been detected, 680 million tons of which can be exploited. Pottery clay in Xianyang are of high quality and high grade, containing minerals such as quartz, illite, kleit and green mudstone and chemical elements including sio2、Al2o3、Fe2o3、Tio2、Cao、Mgo、K2o and Na2o. Taking colors of grey, deep grey and iron red, pottery clay is mainly distributed in Binxian and Zhunhua counties.

Terrestrial heat: Mainly distributed in Wugong, Xingping, Qindu and Weicheng counties, terrestrial heat resource covers an area of 1000 km2, and has a reserve of 250 billion m3, an equivalent to 1.97 billion tons of coal. Within the urban city, 37.3 billion m3 terrestrial heat covering 177 km2 has been detected. Under the ground, there four layers of hot water ready to be exploited.

The wellhead water temperature is above 80℃; maximum shut-in pressure, 1.2Mpa; maximum flow, 120 meters. The water contains strontium, boron, silicon, bromine, lithium, arsenic, iron and many other minor elements, among which 5 to 7 kinds of elements reach such density that they can be used for medical care. At present, the city has successfully dug 24 geothermal wells, with maximum water temperature being 120℃, well depth 1465 meters to 3500 meters, water flow from 30 to 303m3/h.

Water resources: the city boasts a total surface runoff volume of more than 7 billion cubic meters, a total water resource volume of 1.15 billion cubic meters, a per capita water resource of 264.4 cubic meters, and a composite underground water supply of 1 billion cubic meters. At present, ground water yield in planned area of Xianyang is 102 million cubic meters.

Medical resources: Xianyang' is a unique medical care city with magic and fascinating traditional Chinese medical culture. The city has 138 kinds of wild Chinese herbal medicine, the largest specimen room of Chinese herbal medicine in northwestern China, the first Chinese herbal medicine science and technology museum in China, a large number of researchers and research institutes in this field. The city can be safely said as a medicine and health care city, given the fact that the annual output of traditional Chinese medicine is more than 400 tons, over 30 pharmaceutical factories are GDP approved, over 300 centers offer medical care service such as foot massage and medicinal diet, and drug enterprises numbers 720. In sum, the city features large quantities of hospitals, drug stores, pharmaceutical factories, doctors and highly-skilled doctors.  Here we have wonderful doctors reputed home and abroad such as “the magic knife” Zhang Chaotang, “the magic arteries” Feng Wuchen, “the magic needle” Zhao Buchang, “the god bag” Lai Huiwu as well as “the conqueror of tumor” Li Qubing and Tian Jingfeng, to name a few. They receive numerous patients from Japan and South Korea and visitors from Southeast Asia.


Land And Mineral Resources
In Xianyang area there are about 1,087 million hectares of land, of which 450,000 hectares are arable land, 150,600 hectares are forest, 118,000 hectares are grassland, 24,000 hectares are water surface, and 930,000 hectares are waste land to be developed, Xianyang area is very rich in natural resources such as coal, limestone, potter's earth, ore, marble, oil shale, oil, spring water, underground heat water and so on..

The coalfield in the northern part of Xianyang with over 10 billion tons of proved coal deposit made it the second largest coalfield in Shaanxi Province, The deposit of 500 billion tons of limestone can be developed on a large scale into building materials, The underground heat water area reaches 800 square kilometers in the southern part of Xianyang.


The Achievements
Industry 

Xianyang, with a complete modern industrial system and especially strong electronics, medicine, food, light industry, textile, petrol chemistry and building materials, is the largest production base

of electronics in Northwest China and a well-known production and distribution base of textile, medicine and health-care products in China.

Textile Industry 
The textile industry is one of Xianyang's traditional and support industries, Since China adopted the policies of Reform and opening up to outside, Xianyang’s textile industry has developed rapidly after its technology renovation and adjustment of the product structure, The annual output value of the Xianyang textile industry reaches about 1.8 billion yuan and takes the second place in the field in Shaanxi Province, There are about 300,000 spindles and 10,000 looms weaving cloth of 320 million meters per year, and garment factories producing 500,000 garments yearly.

Agrlculture 
Xianyang has formed an agricultural production system with grain, fruit, vegetable and husbandry as its stems, By now there are about 6,8 million mu of grain growing fields with an annual output of 1,8 million tons of grains, 2,36 million mu of fruif growing land with an annual output of 1.9 million tons of apple小800,000 mu of vegetable growing field with an annual output of 1.7 million tons of vegetables, There are 466,000 meat cattle, 85,000 cows, 1.43 million pigs and 750,000 goats and sheep, which provide about 165,000 tons of meat and 310,000 tons of milk every year, in Xianyang 11 counties have been listed as national agricultural comprehensive developing counties, 4 counties as national demonstrative counties of agricultural comprehensive development and 9 counties as national grain-production counties, Xianyang has been named as the only national large production base of commercial grain in Northwest China and a large production area of high quality apples in China and the main production base of commercial husbandry products in Shaanxi Province.

There are 38 special vegetable markets in Xianyang with trade value of 1,2 billion yuan per year, Over one million tons of vegetables, which take 80 per cent of the commercial vegetables in Xianyang, are traded in the markets per year, Both the Chenyang Vegetable Market in Qindu District and the Jingyun Vegetable Market in Jingyang County, with the annual trade value of 600 to 700 million yuan, are two large special markets in Northwest China, The information of the two markets are carried in the national net of the vegetable information.

The Sightseeing
Qian Mausoleum, Giant Buddha Temple (Da Fo Si), Maoling Mausoleum, Zhaoling Mausoleum, Xianyang Museum, Tomb of Crown Prince Yide, Tomb of Crown Prince Zhanghuai, Tomb of Huo Qubing, Tomb of Princess Yongtai

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