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City Guide -- Yulin

Travel Guide of Yulin


Yulin city is located at the most north of Shaanxi Province, the bordering area of the five provinces (regions) of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and Shanxi. Yulin is east to Shanxi with the Yellow River in between, west to Ningxia and Gansu, north to Inner Mongolia, and south to the city Yenan. The Yellow River runs south stretching over 400 kilometers along the east provincial border, and the ancient Great Wall lies from east to west of the city coving more than 700 kilometers. Presently the Yulin city governs one district, eleven counties, and has a total area of 43070 square kilometers and a resident population of 3,330,000.

Geographic Location

Yulin's roughly takes the Great Wall as its city border, north to the wind sand grass shoal area and south to the loess hill gully region. It has a warm temperate and temperate semiarid continental monsoon climate. Within theYulin city there are 53 rivers and more than 200 interior lakes in its northern area, among them Hong Jian Nao is Shaanxi's biggest interior lake with a total area of 67 square kilometers.

Culture Heritage

With its long history, Yulin is a well-known city for its historical and cultural relics. It has very rich tourist resources such as the ancient Great Wall, the Yellow River, deserts, prairies, lakes, reservoirs, loess, level terraced fields, warping dams, the Jinxia canyon, ancient castles, earth cave dwellings, and Xin Tian You-its unique folk songs, all constituting Yulin's special scenery.

At the beginning of Xia Dynasty, Yulin area was situated within Yongzhou Prefecture, and belonged to Shangjun Prefucture and became economic center for the major nationality Han and the minor group Mongolia in Qin Dynast. Since then, the central governments of several dynasties say Han Dynasty, Wei Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty, set up governing systems in Yulin area. At the beginning of Ming Dynasty, Yulin Village was built on the basis of Yulin Manor. At Zhengtong 2ed years (A.D.1437), it was built a city. Chenghua 7 years of Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1471), it was changed to Yulin Wei. In Chenghua nine years, the government of Yansui Town moved to Yunlin, so it was initially called Yulin Town, and ever since it was one of the most important towns in that area.

During Yongzheng Period of Qing Dynasty, it was changed from Yulin Town, Yulin Wei to Yulin Dao, Yulin Fu and Yulin County finally. Even in the period governed by Kuomintang, it was still set up as Yulin County. After it was liberated peacefully from the reign of Kuomintang on June 1, 1949, Yulin County was always the locating place of governing office for the area. It was changed from Yulin County to Yuin City, which was approved by State Apartment in 1988.


Natural Resources

Yulin is the national energy and chemical industry base, and China's energy continuous place. It is also the important source of transporting natural gas, electricity power and coal from the west to the east. In Shaanixi province, 48 kinds of mineral resources of 8 types have been discovered, among which the reserves of coal, petroleum, natural gas, rock salt and other high-quality energy minerals are quite abundant, accounting for 86.2%, 43.4%, 99.9% and 100% of the total quantity of Shaanxi Province repectively. Moreover, the resources mix of kleit, bauxite, limestone, quartz sand are pretty good, and the development potential is huge.



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