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City Guide -- Chongqing

Travel Guide of Chongqing Municipality


General Features
Over 3000 years in history and local culture,
The youngest municipality of China,
The largest inland city of rivers and mountains on the planet,
The city of miracles,
This is new Chongqing,
The economic center of the upper Yangtze,
Prepared to embrace the rest of the world.
This is Chongqing, one of the four Chinese cities identified on the world map at the UN General Assembly Hall.

Chongqing is famous for the towering mountains and roaring rivers, which have witnessed the local civilization of over 3000 years.

Chongqing maintains its regional importance in defense, politics, trade, and logistics for long; its glories and growth marked the history of China. In the recent 100 years, Chongqing was first the commercial and trade center of the region, then the wartime capital of then China and now on the path for greater prospect. It was an ancient military fort and now the hub connecting China's vast west and eastern coast as well as the rest of the world. It was China's ancient regional trade center and now the economic center of the upper Yangtze. It was a town specialized in entrepot trade and now the largest industrial & commercial city of the region. It was a port city based in the Sichuan Basin and now a municipality opened to the whole world. 

Chongqing is now at a new momentum, a momentum for broader achievements. This attributes to three unprecedented opportunities: the construction of the Three Gorges Dam Project and the migration of residents in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, the establishment of the municipality directly under the central government, and China's Go West Strategy. This brings new vigor, new vision to Chongqing and turns a new folio on Chongqing's history.


Geographic Location
Chongqing is located in the connecting zone between Qingzang Plateau and the Plain of middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River. The junction area of Eastern China and Western China, in the Three- Gorges Reservoir area to the upper reaches of Yangtze River and southeast area of Sichuan basin. It lies between 150°17'- 110°11'E, 28°10'-32°13'N,it tretches 470 kilometers from east to west, 450 kilometers from north to south, and covers an area of 82,403 square kilometer, the city face the Hubei province, it connects with Hunan province to the west, Guizhou province to the north, Luzhou city, Neijiang city and Suining to the east, Guang'an area, Dachuan area of Sichuan province and Shanxi province to the south.


The climate of Chongqing is Middle- Asia subtropical zone humid monsoon climate, its annual rainfall is above 1,000mm. The climate in Chongqing features hot in summer, warm in winter, long frost free season, plenty of rain fall, wet and cloudy, etc. The average annual temperature is 16-18° , rich mean annual rain fall, which is 1,000 - 1,350mm in most area, rainy season is mainly from May to September, shares 70% of total annual rain fall.


Culture Heritage
Food culture

People in Chongqing are accustom to spicy and is willing in creating new meals and it is not stick to one pattern in the material using. Compare with Sichuan food in Chengdu city, the Sichuan food in Chongqing is not so exquisite as the former, but carries on more imagination. 

The most famous one is Chongqing hotpot. Chongqing is the birth place of hotpot. Chongqing hotpot is called spicy hotpot, Maodu hotpot. Now Chongqing hotpot is still innovating and improved into specialized food style.

Wharf culture
Chongqing has long been the waterway transportation hub to the upper reaches of Yangtze River, there are many wharfs along the bank of river. Merchant Ships shuttle frequently, passengers come and go. The city civilization of middle Sichuan, southwest of China and all the Yangtze River Valley mingles here. And the unique pop culture of the city. All that shapes the wharf culture. The wharf culture mostly include dialect art and teahouse art.


Natural Resources
Chongqing, with its rich natural resources both on the ground and underground, favorably located, with great potential for development, is one of China's regions abundant in natural resources.


Vegetation and Animals
There are rich vegetation resources in the territory of Chongqing, with forest coverage reaching 20.49 percent. More than 6,000 kinds of vegetation can be found in this area, including rare species of trees, such as the spinulose tree fern, the metasequoia, the bald Chinese fir, the cathaya argyrop-hylla, and the dove tree, known as "living fossils". On Jinyun Mountain alone, there are more than 1,700 kinds of subtropical trees, including the "living fossil" metasequoia, the tree that existed 160 million years ago, and bretscheidera sinensis and the "moth tree", trees rarely seen in other parts of the world. On Jinfo Mountain in Nanchuan County, a natural reserve and scenic spot, there are 5,880 species of 333 families of vegetation, including 52 rare plants such as cathaya argyrophylla, square bamboo, ginkgo, giant tea tree, and ginseng, as well as 36 rare species of animals under special protection by the State, such as presbytis fran篩si and leopard. On Simianshan Mountain in Jiangjin City, there are more than 1,500 kinds of plants and 207 kinds of animals, including 47 key animals and plants under special protection by the State and 23 rare animals.

With its extremely plentiful medical plants, Chongqing is a major producer of traditional Chinese medicinal herbs in China. There are over 2,000 kinds of different traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, wild or cultivated, growing in large areas in the mountains in Chongqing, including rhizome of Chinese golden thread, rhizome of large-headed atractylodes, honeysuckle, root of hairy asiabell, bulb of fritillary, tuber of elevated gastrodia, bark of official magnolia, yellow tallow, bark of eucommia, rhizoma corydalis, Chinese angelica, etc. Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County is China's major producer of rhizome of Chinese golden thread, and is known as "the land of Chinese golden thread".

There are over 560 kinds of cultivated plants in Chongqing, mainly in four categories: rice, corn, wheat and sweat potatoes, with rice as the most important crop. In addition to farm crops such as grain, oil-bearing crops and vegetables, Chongqing also produces industrial crops of fine quality, including rape-seeds, peanuts, tung oil, Chinese tallow trees, tea, mulberry for silkworms breeding, jute, and flue-cured tobacco, known as "the land of citrus fruits", "the land of tung oil", "the land of Chinese tallow trees".

Qianjiang, with its favorable climate and geographical conditions, produces high-quality flue-cured tobacco of the Yunnan-guizhou type, and is known as "the land of flue-cured tobacco"; Fuling is famous for its tasty mustard tubes, and is known as "the land of mustard tubes". Major fruits in Chongqing include oranges and tangerines, shaddocks, peaches, and plums, oranges and tangerines being the most famous.

Among the over 600 kinds of animal species found in Chongqing, 100 are rare animals that enjoy special protection of the State, including the golden-haired monkey, the South China tiger, the bee monkey, and the black stork. Among the over 40 kinds of domestic animals and fowls, the Rongchang pig is the No.1 of China's three major species of pigs, and this pig is known as a treasure of the country. Shizhu Tujia Autonomous County is the largest producer of long-haired rabbits in China.


Of the major cities in China, Chongqing is one of the richest in mineral resources. 75 kinds of minerals have been found, and 40 minerals have proved reserves in 353 places, with a potential value of RMB 388.2 billion. Advantageous minerals in the city are coal, natural gas, manganese, mercury, aluminum, strontium, etc.

The coal reserve proved by Southwest Aluminum (Group) Co., Ltd in Chongqing is 3.3 billion tons, making this city a major coal producer in southern China. Proved reserve for natural gas is 320 billion cubic meters, and the production of natural gas at Wolonghe gas field in Dainjiang County ranks No. 1 in China. Both the reserve and the quality of strontium in Chongqing rank No. 1 in China. The proved reserve of manganese in Chongqing is 37 million tons, ranking No. 2 in China. Reserves of vanadium, molybdenum and barium occupy the third place in China. The mercury mines in Xiushan and Youyang counties with a proved reserve of 19,000 tons, are giant mercury mines rarely found elsewhere in China. Chongqing also produces nonmetal minerals such as rock salt, barite, fluorite, limestone, silicon, etc.

Water Resource
Rivers and water systems crisscross the territory of Chongqing, and they have tremendous energy to be developed. While over 600 kilometers of the mainstream of the Yangtze River runs through the city, the river is joined by five major tributaries and over a hundred streams with the Yangtze as the axis, including the Jialing River, the Qujiang River, the Fujiang River, the Wujiang River, and the Daning River. The annual water resources total some 500 billion cubic meters, making Chongqing No. 1 in China in terms of water space per square kilometer. The city has 14.3828 million kilowatts of water energy in theory, of which 7.5 million kilowatts can be developed. The potential installed gross capacity per square kilometer in Chongqing is three times of the average value of the country. This makes Chongqing one of the top cities in China in terms water energy. Besides, Chongqing is also rich in underground thermal energy and drinkable mineral water.


The Achievements
Chongqing should be built into the important growth pole in West China, the economic center at the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the municipality directly under the Central Government for harmonized development of rural and urban areas, to be the first in West China to realize the target of building a well-off society in an all-round way.

The strengths of Chongqing are enhanced thanks to Chongqing's becoming a municipality directly under the Central Government, the construction of the Three Gorges Dam Project and the implementation of the Go West Policy. Chongqing ranked top 5 out of China's 12 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the west after macro adjustment, opening to the rest of the world and intensive infrastructure construction.


The Sightseeing
Chongqing is essentially a mountain city, surrounded on all sides by steep hills which keep the fog and mist in the basin. The Yangtze and Jialing Rivers embrace the downtown area here however, providing light relief from the industrial city views prevalent throughout much of the area.

The suburbs are home to some of the best spots including various Hot Springs and pleasant mountain walks. In terms of sights and attractions, the reason most people visit this spot is to see (or take a trip along) the Yangtze. Boats for the Three Gorges leave form this city. Please see the information in the Three Gorges section for more details.

Some of the more interesting spots in Chongqing are relics left over from the revolutionary era. Although many of these places have a colorful history, today, they are not particularly fascinating and not worth more than a couple of hours consideration.

The Chongqing Municipal Museum, Hongyan Revolutionary Museum (the former office of the Eight Route Army), the cemetery of the revolutionary martyr in the Gele Mountain (Zhazi Cave and Bais' Residence), the Official Residence of Jiang Jieshi and the Residence of Zhang Zhizhong (Gui Yuan) are all worth a look. There are also a few prisons dotted about the town, reminders of the radical past Chongqing has.

Angling City, Ba Yu Culture Village, Baoding Mountain, Beishan Hill Grotto, Chaotian Gate, Jinfo Nature Reserve, People's Great Hall, Wansheng Stone Forest.



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