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Banpo Museum

                                                   Banpo Museum

Located in the eastern outskirts of Xi'an city, Banpo Museum, the first on the excavation site museum in China, was opened in 1958. Banpo (half slope) Village was a typical Neolithic Matriarchal community of the Yangshao culture about 6000 years ago. The Yangshao culture (5000-3000 BC) was named after the first discovery of this civilization in Yangshao, Henan Province. About 400 sites of this type have been discovered around the Yellow River Basin, and the Banpo site is the largest and the most typical one.
Banpo site was discovered in 1953 when a power plant was on. By Carbon 14 dating tools operation, the prehistoric site is considered to be a Matriarchal community at the Neolithic age about 6000 years old. After five scientific excavations, the Banpo Museum at the actual site of the primitive settlement was set up.
The Banpo site, occupying an area of 50,000 square meters, was divided into three parts: the dwelling area, the pottery making area and the cemetery area. On the ruins are 46 dwellings, two domestic animal pens and over 200 storage pits, 174 adult tombs, 73 children burial jars, six pottery making kilns and many production and domestic tools.
Banpo Museum consists of two exhibition rooms and an excavation site hall which covers an area of 1,000 square meters, one fifth of the total area.
The first exhibition hall mainly displays the tools used by the Banpo people, including stone tools made by cutting, polishing and grinding. Bone fishhooks and needles were exquisitely made.
The cultural relics in the second exhibition hall are major inventions and art items, made by Banpo man, which reflect the fork culture and social life of that time. The most famous Artifacts in this hall include a fish-and-human-face-design pottery basin, pointed-bottom bottles, a pottery steamer and a man head sculpture.  
The Fish-and-Human-Face-Design Painted Pottery Basin
This painted pottery basin is gracefully decorated with a design of fish and a human face. The hair on the head was well-pinned into a knot. A fish was held in each corner of its mouth. The design depicts a close relationship between the Banpo people and fish. They may have depended on fishing. This basin was probably very symbolic to them. 
The Pointed-Bottom Bottle
It is a characteristic pottery piece excavated from the Banpo site. It is a water-drawing pottery jar, in which the center of gravity principle is skillfully applied: when floating the bottle will automatically leak and then be filled as the mouth of the bottle touches the water. When the bottle has been filled with water and the cord tied to the two handle is lifted, the bottle will also automatically stand upright due to the shifting of the center of gravity. The device enjoys two great advantages: it is portable and can easily be carried on the back and its small mouth prevents water from spilling out.
The  hall of the excavation site
The excavation hall, rebuilt in 2007, is installed with video implements to give the exact ideas how the primitive houses were built 6,000 years ago. The remains of clay houses in various shapes, pig pens, storage pits, children burial jars and a part of surrounding moat are scattered at the site. A kiln ruins is located outside of the excavation hall. All these present us an outlook of the aboriginal village and the hard situations of the Banpo people 6,000 years ago in pursuing the civilization, reflecting the production level and the social systems at that period of time. (Written by Angela Zhang Yue)


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Attractions of Xian

  1. Foping Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas
  2. Xian Ox Culture and Ceramics Museum
  3. North Square of Big Wild Goose Pagoda
  4. Changqing Nature Reserve
  5. Tang Dynasty Dinner and Show
  6. Chenlu Ancient Town
  7. Maoxian
  8. Xian
  9. Zhaoling Mausoleum
  10. Yong Le Gong Temple
  11. Qianling Mausoleum
  12. Mausoleum of Yellow Emperor
  13. Han Yangling Mausoleum
  14. Shaanxi Foping National Reserve
  15. Famen Temple
  16. Xian Ancient City Wall
  17. Shaanxi History Museum-II
  18. Bell & Drum Towers
  19. Banpo Museum
  20. Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses
  21. Shaanxi Grand Theater
  22. Peasant Painting Exhibition Hall in Huxian
  23. Huxian Farmer's painting
  24. Tang Dynasty Art Museum
  25. Great Mosque
  26. Hui Nationality
  27. Islamic Religion
  28. Qianling Mausoleum
  29. Hukou Waterfalls
  30. Yan'an Pagoda
  31. Shaanxi Delicacy
  32. City God Temple in Sanyuan
  33. Xingqing Palace
  34. Daming Palace
  35. Blue Dragon Temple
  36. Feiyuan Museum
  37. Mount Hua
  38. Shaanxi History Museum
  39. Anwu Village
  40. Welcome Ceremony at the Ancient City Wall
  41. Luoguantai Shrine
  42. Han Maoling Mausoleum
  43. Han Yangling Tomb
  44. Yao Zhou Kiln Museum
  45. Qujiang Pool
  46. Xian Museum
  47. Xian High Tech Industries Development Zone
  48. The Silk Road
  49. Small Wild Goose Pagoda
  50. Forest of Stone Tablets
  51. Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi
  52. Xianyang
  53. Fuping Ceramic Art Village and Fule International Ceramic Art Museum
  54. Huaqing Hot Springs
  55. Banpo Village Museum
  56. Han Changling Mausoleum
  57. Big Wild Goose Pagoda
  58. Daming Palace National Heritage Park
  59. All Day Mall of the Great Tang Dynasty
  60. International Horticulture Exposition 2011 Xian
  61. Drum Tower
  62. Bell Tower
  63. Xingjiao Temple
  64. Bell Tower
  65. Mt.Hua
  66. Pit No.3 of Terra Cotta Army
  67. Pit No.2 of Terra Cotta Army
  68. Pit No.1 of Terra Cotta Army
  69. Dim Sum Delicacy
  70. Tomb of Princess Yongtai
  71. Bronze Chariots and Horses
  72. Tang Paradise

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