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Yu Lin Grottoes

Yulin Grottoes, branch of the Dunhuang art complex, are located 75 kilometer southeast of Anxi. They are also named Ten-thousand Buddha valleys. There are 41 major caves and hundreds of others scattered around.

It is not yet clear when the caves were first built. Judging from the background and the cave formation, experts have determined that they were not begun later than the Mogao Grottoes. Murals in these grottoes consist of huge scripture murals, portraits of Buddha, rare animals and plants and scenes of plowing, harvesting, weddings banquets, chess, brewing, iron melting, music and dancing.
 
The big scripture drawings on the southern and northern walls of cave 25, in composition, technique of expression, line drawing, coloring and human image revel the artist’ skillfulness and accuracy. They are authentic portrays of the highly developed art of painting in the Tang Dynasty more than 1300 years ago and are praised as the essence of the Yulin Grottoes.

The drawing of the “Western Pure land", with the artist’s great skill of condensation, describes the various scenes. On the northern wall is the drawing of Mitreya Buddha depicts the ideal world to come predicted by the Buddha, Manjusri and Samantabhadra with female devas on the western wall and Buddha losana and Bodisattva Avalokiesvara on the eastern wall are all life like.
 
In Yulin grottoes discovered a very precious ivory Buddha which was evenly halved and carefully carved with hundreds of scripture drawings inside and Samantabhadra on an elephant with a treasure pagoda in his hands outside—all obviously in the India style. It was preserved there for more than a thousand years before being protected in the Palace Museum in Beijing.
 

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Attractions of Anxi


  1. Anxi
  2. Yu Lin Grottoes

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